To understand the different types of chocolate, it’s important to understand how chocolate is made and what it actually is.
Chocolate is made from the cocoa beans, which are dried, roasted and ground. The grinding process produces a thick dark paste known as cocoa solids or cocoa mass. The cocoa solids are the basis for all chocolate and cocoa products. Further processing of the cocoa mass extracts a naturally occurring cocoa butter, which gives chocolate its high gloss appearance, smooth texture and melting properties.
There must be at least 20% of cocoa butter for products to be called real chocolate.